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Laos Facts Laos Flag Laos Map

Laos Map
current time and date
currency: Kip (LAK)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
Laos profile

most of the country is mountainous and thickly forested;

the Mekong River forms a large part of the western boundary with Thailand
Laos history
Modern-day Laos has its roots in the ancient Lao kingdom of Lan Xang, established in the 14th century under King FA NGUM. For 300 years Lan Xang had influence reaching into present-day Cambodia and Thailand, as well as over all of what is now Laos. After centuries of gradual decline, Laos came under the domination of Siam (Thailand) from the late 18th century until the late 19th century when it became part of French Indochina. The Franco-Siamese Treaty of 1907 defined the current Lao border with Thailand. In 1975, the Communist Pathet Lao took control of the government ending a six-century-old monarchy and instituting a strict socialist regime closely aligned to Vietnam. A gradual, limited return to private enterprise and the liberalization of foreign investment laws began in 1988. Laos became a member of ASEAN in 1997 and the WTO in 2013.
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Conventional long form: Lao People's Democratic Republic

Conventional short form: Laos

Local long form: Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao

Local short form: Pathet Lao (unofficial)
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Laos's capital city is Vientiane (Viangchan)
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Laos Constitution:

promulgated 14 August 1991;

amended in 2003
Laos facts for kids
Laos population growth rate: 1.655%
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Laos highest point: Phu Bia 2,817 m
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Laos lowest point: Mekong River 70 m
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About 6% of Laos's land is arable.
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Mekong River is the Longest River in Laos
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Laos birth rate is 26 births/1,000 population
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Laos infant mortality rate is 58 deaths/1,000 live births
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Laos fertility rate is 2.98 children born/woman
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Laos climate:

tropical monsoon;

rainy season (May to November);

dry season (December to April)
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Top 10 cities of Laos with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Vientiane: 196,731
2. Pakxe: 88,332
3. Savannakhet: 66,553
4. Luang Prabang: 47,378
5. Xam Neua: 38,992
6. Phonsavan: 37,507
7. Thakhek: 26,200
8. Muang Xai: 25,000
9. Vang Vieng: 25,000
10. Muang Pakxan: 21,967
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Laos ethnic groups:

Lao - 55%

Khmou - 11%

Hmong - 8%

other (over 100 minor ethnic groups) - 26%
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Laos Exports:

wood products






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Laos Imports:

machinery and equipment



consumer goods
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unicameral National Assembly (132 seats; members elected by popular vote from a list of candidates selected by the Lao People's Revolutionary Party to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
16 provinces (khoueng, singular and plural)

1. Attapu
2. Bokeo
3. Bolikhamxai
4. Champasak
5. Houaphan
6. Khammouan
7. Louangnamtha
8. Louangphabang
9. Oudomxai
10. Phongsali
11. Salavan
12. Savannakhet
13. Viangchan
14. Xaignabouli
15. Xekong
16. Xiangkhouang

and 1 capital city (nakhon luang, singular and plural):

1. Viangchan (Vientiane)
Political parties and leaders:
Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP) - CHOUMMALI Saignason

other parties proscribed